Research and selected publications
My research is in convex programming, especially in semidefinite programming, and conic linear programming. A few years back I also did research in integer programming. I also have several papers on applications of optimization.
My main research area, which is closest to my heart, is on Semidefinite Programs (SDPs), some of the most exciting, and useful class of optimization problems of the last few decades.
The main goal is to produce easy-to-verify, combinatorial certificates for SDPs: for example, to verify
- weak infeasibility: when an SDP is infeasible, but within zero distance to the set of feasible instances. Weak infeasibility and it does not happen in linear programming and it leads to very challenging SDPs.
- Pathological behavior of semidefinite systems: why essentially all “bad” SDPs in the literature look strikingly similar.
- Positive duality gaps — again a fascinating behavior that leads to very difficult SDPs and cannot happen in linear programming.
- Exponential size solutions — these are impossible to even write down in a reasonable amount of space.
Interestingly, we can use mostly elementary row operations (coming from Gaussian elimination) to bring SDPs (more generally, conic linear systems) into a form, so the infeasibility, weak infeasibility, etc. become easy to see.
The structural insights that we obtain can be used to preprocess SDPs and to create difficult SDP instance libraries.
- How do exponential size solutions arise in semidefinite programming? G. Pataki, A. Touzov
Talk at the Fields Institute, May 11, 2021 Poster talk at the MIP 2021 conference, May 24, 2021
- On positive duality gaps in semidefinite programming G. Pataki
Talk at the Radon Institute in Linz, December 2019
- Sieve-SDP: a simple facial reduction algorithm to preprocess semidefinite programs Y. Zhu, G. Pataki, Q. Tran-Dinh
Mathematical Programming Computation (2019) DOI
A simple algorithm can remove many redundancies in SDPs, reduce their size, and often get rid of the pathological behavior. It can often detect infeasibility.
- Characterizing bad semidefinite programs: normal forms and short proofs
SIAM Review (2019) DOI
A talk in 2017
A much simplified treatment of the SDP results of the “Bad SDP” paper; that paper, however, addresses general conic linear programs
- Exact duals and short certificates of infeasibility and weak infeasibility in conic linear programming , M. Liu, G. Pataki,
Mathematical Programming, Ser. A (2018) 167:435–480 DOI
A talk, Aug 2016
- Bad semidefinite programs: they all look the same G. Pataki
SIAM Journal on Optimization, 2017, 27(3), 146–172, 2017 DOI
A talk in 2014
- Exact duality in semidefinite programming based on elementary reformulations , M. Liu, G. Pataki,
SIAM Journal on Optimization, 25(3), 1441–1454, 2015 DOI
Talk at Tamas Terlaky’s birthday conference June 2015
An older paper, which deals with a closely related, classical problem is
- On the Closedness of the Linear Image of a Closed Convex Cone , G. Pataki
Mathematics of Operations Research. 32(2), 395-412, 2007 DOI
Talk at Dalhousie University, January 2005
The geometry of SDPs and more generally of conic LPs (extreme points, degeneracy, etc.)
- The Geometry of Semidefinite Programming G. Pataki,
In the The Handbook of Semidefinite Programming, Kluwer, 2000
Talk at Cornell University, 1998
- On the Rank of Extreme Matrices in Semidefinite Programs and the
Multiplicity of Optimal Eigenvalues, G. Pataki
Mathematics of Operations Research, 23 (2), 339-358, 1998 DOI
Reformulating integer programs using basis reduction
These papers show how to reformulate integer programming problems (IPs) by nearly orthogonalizing the columns. The reformulation makes many hard IPs easier, and more surprisingly, it makes most integer programs solvable by just one branch-and-bound node.
- Basis Reduction, and the Complexity of Branch-and-Bound, G. Pataki, M. Tural, E. B. Wong
2010 ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA 10) DOI
Talk at the Combinatorial Optimization workshop in Aussois, 2011
- Column Basis Reduction and Decomposable Knapsack Problems, B. Krishnamoorthy and G. Pataki,
Discrete Optimization, 6(3), August 2009, 242-270 DOI
A talk, January 2005
Solving a hard, previously unsolved integer program
- Solving the seymour problem, M. C. Ferris, G. Pataki and S. Schmieta
Optima, 66:1-7, 2001.
Talk at ISMP 2000